論文

Supply Chain Simulation Modeling to design the Second-generation Biofuel Transportation Network


The goal of this study is to contribute to commercialization of the second-generation cellulosic biofuels (SGCBs) by reducing its operational cost. A hybrid simulation-based optimization approach is devised to design a cost-effective SGCB supply chain model. The approach includes feedstock yield estimation and location-allocation of feedstock storages between farms and refineries. An agent-based simulation (ABS) implemented in AnyLogic is utilized to estimate operational cost of a SGCB supply chain. The simulation-based optimization with adaptive replication (AR) is devised to find an appropriate SGCB network design in terms of operational cost. The approach is applied to a SGCB transportation network design problem in Southern Great Plains of U.S.

Simulation of Allocation Policies for a Serial Inventory System under Advance Demand Information using Supply Chain Management Software


In this paper, we simulate allocation policies for a two-stage inventory system that receives perfect advance demand information (ADI) from customers belonging to different demand classes using AnyLogic as supply chain management software. Demands for each customer class are generated by independent Poisson processes while the processing times are deterministic. All customers in the same class have the same demand lead time (the difference between the due date and the requested date) and back-ordering costs.

Each stage in the inventory system follows order-base-stock-policies where the replenishment order is issued upon arrival of a customer order. The researchers employ discrete event simulation to obtain output parameters such as inventory costs, fill rates, waiting time, and order allocation times. A numerical analysis is conducted to identify a reasonable policy to use in this type of system.

A Post-Brexit Transportation System Analysis for an Agri-Fresh Produce Supply Chain


The ever-increasing demand for fresh and healthy products initiated an urgency for transportation system analysis and effective planning for Agri-Fresh Produce Supply Chains (AFPSC). However, AFPSC faces many challenges, including product vulnerability to market disruption and limited shelf-life. In case of a no-deal Brexit (i.e., the UK leaving the EU without an agreement), trade between Ireland and the UK will most probably be subjected to customs control. In effect, transportation delays and products deterioration rates will increase.

Based on interviews with an Irish AFPSC forwarder, a simulation model was developed to investigate different systems’ dynamics and operating rules under different delay patterns on the (yet non-existent) inner-Irish border.

Modeling Home Grocery Delivery using Electric Vehicles and Transport Network Analysis Results


This paper presents transportation network analysis results based on data from an agent-based simulation study. The research is aimed at establishing whether a fleet of electric vans with different charging options can match the performance of a diesel fleet. The researchers describe a base model imitating the operations of a real-world retailer using agents. They then introduce electric vehicles and charging hubs into their model. After that, they evaluate how the use of electric vehicles, charging power, and charging hubs influence the retailer’s operations. The simulation experiment suggests that, though they are useful, technological interventions alone are not sufficient to match the performance of a diesel fleet. Hence, reorganization of the urban delivery system is required in order to reduce carbon emissions significantly.

A Supervised Machine Learning Approach to Data-driven Simulation of Resilient Supplier Selection in Digital Manufacturing


There has been an increased interest in resilient supplier selection in recent years, much of it focusing on forecasting the disruption probabilities. The results of this study advance our understanding about how and when machine learning and simulation can be combined to create digital supply chain twins, and through these twins improve resilience. The proposed data-driven decision-making model for resilient supplier selection can be further exploited for design of risk mitigation strategies in supply chain disruption management models, redesigning the supplier base or investing in most important and risky suppliers.

A Discrete Event Simulation Model to Test Multimodal Strategies for a Greener and More Resilient Wood Supply in Austria


Increasing occurrence of natural disturbances such as windstorms and high snow cover as well as uncer-tainty according to queuing and lead times, bottlenecks, utilization, stock level, wagon and truck availability and machine breakdowns lead to supply chain risks and seasonal irregularities in wood harvest and transport. Innovative multimodal systems via rail terminals offer the potential to increase buffer capacity and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, a train terminal is included in a new virtual environment spanning the whole wood supply chain and enabling manager involvement in testing, analysis and evalua-tion of a complex multimodal transport system. The simulation model facilitates carrying out experiments and scenario designs for strategy comparisons in workshops with supply chain managers and provides in-tuitive decision support by animation and a KPI-cockpit. Adapting collaborative supply chain control strat-egies in participatory simulation enhances the development of advanced risk management and therefore improves supply chain resilience, efficiency and sustainability.

Flexibility as an Enabler for Carbon Dioxide Reduction in a Global Supply Chain: a Case Study From the Semiconductor Industry


Due to the significant rise in environmental awareness of companies and customers for the past few years, research on how to optimize business with respect to carbon dioxide (CO2) emission has gained more attention and importance. This paper investigates how flexibility can be an enabler for CO2 reduction over a global production network especially in a capital intensive and high volatile market like the semiconductor one. We tested this hypothesis with discrete-event simulation experiments based on a case study obtained from a semiconductor company. The study indicates that global supply chains (SCs), like those in the semiconductor industry, should be equipped with a certain level of flexibility to cope with demand volatility if the CO2 burden due to transportation is low compared to those due to manufacturing. This flexibility provides ecological benefits to companies in reducing the carbon footprint of their products.

Strategic Supply Chain Design for an Austrian Winter Road Service Provider


Snowplow operations are critical for public safety and economic success in countries where difficult driving conditions occur in winter. Specifically, the salt supply ensuring good driving conditions is a crucial factor. In this paper, the strategic supply chain design of a winter service provider in Austria is investigated. Two research directions on the influence of bigger and fewer salt silos per depot and the logistic costs for a unique summer salt purchasing strategy are addressed applying two independent solution approaches. On the same data basis, a simulation model is developed and a mixed integer linear problem is applied to answer the respective research questions.

An Agent-based Simulation Framework for Supply Chain Disruptions and Facility Fortification


Fortifying facilities within a supply chain network can mitigate facility failures caused by disruptions. In this study we build an agent-based simulation model to study the r-interdiction median problem with fortification (RIMF), considering two types of facility disruptions: naturally-caused and human-caused disruptions. The objective of this study is to develop a simulation model that analyzes facility disruption and fortification as a repeated Stackelberg competition, where fortification decisions are made anticipating disruptions.

Simulating Recovery Strategies to Enhance the Resilience of a Semiconductor Supply Network


Enhancing supply chain resilience is of vital importance in today’s business to manage and mitigate the risks, especially in the semiconductor industry challenged with intrinsic long cycle times and short product life-cycles. Transferring production from a primary site to an alternative site after a disaster is one of the strategies to ensure resilience of the supply network. In this study, different types of alternative sites with various levels of preparedness are investigated. A discrete-event simulation is used to evaluate their operational and financial impacts under four different disruption scenarios. The simulation outcomes demonstrate unexpected positive benefits of various alternative sites in terms of fast recovery and resilience building.