Simulating Construction Bidding Using Agent-Based Modeling Sadegh Asgari, Ali Shafaat

Competitive bidding is the main mechanism for allocation of construction projects and consequently price determination of the construction services in the A/E/C industry. While different aspects of construction bidding have been studied in the literature, there is still a need for developing a comprehensive model that captures the complex dynamics of bidding environment by considering interactions among its components, most importantly construction contractors. This paper discusses the advantages of agent-based modeling in simulating the construction bidding process over the previously applied methodologies.
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Evaluation of Agent-Based and Discrete-Event Simulation for Modeling Construction Earthmoving Operations E. Zankoul, H. Khoury and R. Awwad.

One of the most common operations to any construction project is earthwork. In fact, most, if not all, construction projects begin with earthwork activities. These activities require heavy equipment, are generally quite costly and consume a considerable amount of time.
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Integrated Simulation Approach for Assessment of Performance in Construction Projects: a System-of-Systems Framework Jin Zhu, Ali Mostafavi. Winter Simulation Conference, 2014.

This research proposes and tests an integrated framework for bottom-up simulation of performance in construction projects. The proposed framework conceptualizes construction projects as systems-of-systems in which the abstraction and micro-simulation of dynamic behaviors are investigated at the base-level consisting of the following elements: human agents, information, and resources.
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Marine Logistics Decision Support for Operation and Maintenance of Offshore Wind Parks with a Multi Method Simulation Model Endrerud, Liyanage, and Keseric. Winter Simulation Conference, 2014.

The offshore wind industry in Europe is looking to move further from shore and increase the size of wind parks and wind turbines. As of now marine logistics during the operation and maintenance life cycle phase is, besides wind turbine reliability, the most important limitation for wind turbine service, repair and replacement, and pose a large risk for wind park operators and owners.
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Quantitative analysis of bidding strategies: a hybrid agent based–system dynamics approach Arash MAHDAVI and Makarand HASTAK, Purdue University

Economic slowdown and construction demand shrinkage reduces the profit backlog for construction contractors and bites into their profit margin. The resulting fierce competition for jobs forces construction companies to look for more sophisticated analytical tools to analyze and improve their bidding strategies. For each contractor, bidding strategy is a decision-making process that is driven by the firm’s financial goals with the final objective of maximizing the firm’s gross profit and surpassing the breakeven point. This paper proposes a methodology to model and analyze different bidding strategies with hybrid agent based-system dynamics (ABSD) simulation.
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Pipe Spool Fabrication Simulation Model Labban, R., Abourizk, S., Haddad, Z, El-Sersy, A., I3M Conference 2013, Athens

When dealing with larger and more complex construction operations, which are more difficult to manage using traditional project management tools, computer simulation methods have shown to be effective in designing and analyzing construction processes, regardless of the complexity or size. A simulation model can be built to describe the construction activities of a scope of work ranging from large, complex industrial projects to a simple room of a small building. Using simulation, engineers can test out different construction scenarios, estimate resource utilization and find bottlenecks, and forecast time and cost requirements without having to go to site.
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Simulation of On-Shore Wind Farm Construction Process in Lebanon E. Zankoul and H. Khoury, The 31st International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining (ISARC 2014)

The solution to the problem of electricity supply shortage in remote regions of Lebanon is described in detail using a discrete-event simulation model of a constructinon process developed in AnyLogic. The work illustrates the different construction stages from rough grading, access roads construction, foundation and electrical works, to wind tower assembly and erection. The whole process is then optimized to mainly minimize the project duration.
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Discrete Event Simulation Model of Asphalt Paving Operations Ramzi Labban, Simaan AbouRizk et al., Proceedings of the 2013 Winter Simulation Conference

Although research into simulation of construction continues to advance and thrive in the academic world, application of simulation in the construction industry remains limited. Stakeholders on construction projects have yet to adopt simulation as their default tool of choice for managing large complex projects, instead of traditional techniques, which are often inadequate. This paper describes the building of an asphalt paving simulator, as an example of the rigor and effort required in developing construction simulation models, and then briefly describes an alternative model building method currently being researched which may potentially make it easier and faster for stakeholders to quickly build construction simulation models.
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