A multi-structural framework for adaptive supply chain planning Ivanov D.A., Sokolov B., Kaeschel J., European Journal of Operational Research, 2009

A trend in up-to-date developments in supply chain management (SCM) is to make supply chains more agile, flexible, and responsive. In supply chains, different structures (functional, organizational, informational, financial etc.) are (re)formed. These structures interrelate with each other and change in dynamics. The paper introduces a new conceptual framework for multistructural planning and operations of adaptive supply chains with structure dynamics considerations. We elaborate a vision of adaptive supply chain management (A-SCM), a new dynamic model and tools for the planning and control of adaptive supply chains. SCM is addressed from perspectives of execution dynamics under uncertainty. Supply chains are modelled in terms of dynamic multi-structural macro-states, based on simultaneous consideration of the management as a function of both states and structures. The research approach is theoretically based on the combined application of control theory, operations research, and agent-based modelling. The findings suggest constructive ways to implement multi-structural supply chain management and to transit from a “one-way” partial optimization to the feedbackbased, closed-loop adaptive supply chain optimization and execution management for value chain adaptability, stability and crisis-resistance. The proposed methodology enhances managerial insight into advanced supply chain management
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Supply chain multi-structural (re)-design Ivanov D.A., International Journal of Integrated Supply Management, No. 5(1), 19-37, 2009

In the framework of supply chain (re)- design (SCD), different structures (functional, organizational, informational, etc.) are (re)- formed. These structures are interrelated and change in their dynamics. How is it possible to avoid structural incoherency and consistency and to achieve comprehensiveness by (re)- designing supply chains? This paper introduces a new approach to simultaneous multi-structural SCD with structure dynamics considerations. We elaborate a new conceptual model and propose new tools for multi-structural SCD – multi-structural macro-states and dynamical alternative multi-graphs. The research approach is theoretically based on the combined application of operations research, agent-based modelling, and control theory. The results show the multi-structural and interdisciplinary treatment allows comprehensive and realistic SCD problem formulation and solution. We emphasize the flexibility of the proposed approach and optimization-supported simulation. The proposed methodology enhances managerial insight into supply chains at the strategic and tactical levels and serves to assist decision-makers in SCD
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A hybrid simulation optimization approach for supply chains Christian Almeder, Margaretha Preusser. EUROSIM 2007, September 9-13, Ljubljana, Slovenia

The main idea of our approach is to combine discrete-event simulation and exact optimization for supply chain network models. Simulation models are constructed in order to mimic a real system including all necessary stochastic and nonlinear elements. Such simulation models are used as proving grounds for analyzing and improving a real situation on a trial-and-error basis. A traditional optimization method on top of a simulation model has major disadvantages: The optimization method uses the simulation model as a black-box. Information about the structure of the problem is not available and cannot be used for an intelligent optimization strategy
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