A simulation study of the effect of mosque design on egress times Khaled Nassar, Ahmed Bayyoumi, WSC-2012, Berlin

Abstract

The Mosque prayer hall is perhaps the only architectural space designed for a large number of floorseated occupants. A critical issue in the design of mosques is determining the number and configuration of exit locations. This paper describes a discrete-event simulation model developed to assess the effect of mosque prayer hall configuration on the egress times of the occupants. The simulation model takes into consideration the behavioral aspects of the mosque occupants such as shoe placement and pickup, after prayer lingering, late egress of front rows, after prayers, and congregations inside and outside the mosque. Most of the various exit configurations possible in mosque design are modeled and assessed for total egress time as well as flow rates. It is shown that one-sided exit location out performs all other configurations. The study presents the first such analysis of mosque egress and the results should of great interest to architects and researchers alike

Contents

A simulation study of the effect of mosque design on egress times1. INTRODUCTION
2. MOSQUE PRAYER HALL CONFIGURATIONS
3. SIMULATING MOSQUE EGRESS BEHAVIOR
4. RESULTS
5. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE WORK

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