A simulation modeling approach for improving oral health outcomes of older adults Michael J. Widener, University at Buffalo
This interdisciplinary research focuses on improving the oral health of older adults as a means of enhancing their overall wellbeing and quality of life. Periodontal disease is a risk factor for other chronic illnesses, notably diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In order to identify policies that improve oral health for older adults, a dynamic modeling approach that considers community and individual level factors is utilized.» 続きを読む
VirSim - a Model to Support Pandemic Policy Making Tobias Fasth, Marcus Ihlar, Lisa Brouwers. PLoS Currents: Influenza. September 2010.
A simulation model called VirSim was developed to aid policy making in Sweden. The model simulates the spread of pandemic influenza, using real population data on a national and regional level. Swedish authorities wanted a model that was both quick to run and to implement as a complement to the existing model MicroSim.» 続きを読む
Modeling allows you to decrease implementation costs and risks while still in the planning stage. It can also be the best way to optimize existing processes.» 続きを読む
Timofey Popkov, Business Development Director of XJ Technologiesdiscusses the specifics of simulation tools development and promotion in Russia and in international markets, as well as prospective trends in applying simulation techniques.» 続きを読む
Using simulation tools for strategic decision making Mark Paich. PricewaterhouseCoopers Technology Forecast 2010, Issue 1.
Dr. Mark Paich provides examples of Decisio’s success in using AnyLogic and other simulation tools to help executives at large enterprises make major transformation decisions.» 続きを読む
Investigating Output Accuracy for a Discrete Event Simulation Model and an Agent Based Simulation Model Mazlina Abdul Majid, Uwe Aickelin, Peer-Olaf Siebers. 2009 INFORMS at University of Warwick, June 25-27, Coventry, U.K.
In this paper, we investigate output accuracy for a Discrete Event Simulation (DES) model and Agent Based Simulation (ABS) model. The purpose of this investigation is to find out which of these simulation techniques is the best one for modelling human reactive behaviour in the retail sector. In order to study the output accuracy in both models, we have carried out a validation experiment in which we compared the results from our simulation models to the performance of a real system. Our experiment was carried out using a large UK department store as a case study.» 続きを読む
Dynamic Learning in Human Decision Behavior for Evacuation Scenarios under BDI Framework Seungho Lee, Young-Jun Son. 2009 INFORMS at University of Warwick, June 25-27, Coventry, U.K.
A novel approach to represent learning in human decision behavior for evacuation scenarios is proposed under the context of an extended Belief-Desire-Intention framework. In particular, we focus on how a human adjusts his perception process (involving a Bayesian belief network) in Belief Module dynamically against his performance in predicting the environment as part of his decision planning function. To this end, a Q-learning algorithm (reinforcement learning algorithm) is employed and further developed.» 続きを読む
Modelling and Analysing Cargo Screening Processes: a Project Outline Peer-Olaf Siebers, Uwe Aickelin, David Menachof, Galina Sherman, Peter Zimmerman. 2009 INFORMS at University of Warwick, June 25-27, Coventry, U.K.
The efficiency of current cargo screening processes at sea and air ports is unknown as no benchmarks exists against which they could be measured. Some manufacturer benchmarks exist for individual sensors but we have not found any benchmarks that take a holistic view of the screening procedures assessing a combination of sensors and also taking operator variability into account. Just adding up resources and manpower used is not an effective way for assessing systems where human decision-making and operator compliance to rules play a vital role.» 続きを読む
The Impact of Human Decision Makers’ Individualities on The Wholesale Price Contract’s Efficiency: Simulating The Newsvendor Problem Stavrianna Dimitriou, Stewart Robinson, Kathy Kotiadis. 2009 Winter Simulation Conference (WSC’09), December 13-16, Austin, TX, USA
Suppliers and retailers in the newsvendor setting need to submit their pricing and inventory decisions respectively, well before actual customer demand is realized. In the literature they have both been typically considered as perfectly rational optimizers, exclusively interested in their own respective benefits. Under the above set of conditions the wholesale price-only contract has long been analytically proven as inefficient.» 続きを読む
Toward Simulation-Based Real-Time Decision-Support Systems for Emergency Departments Yariv N. Marmor, Segev Wasserkrug, Avraham Shtub. 2009 Winter Simulation Conference (WSC’09), December 13-16, Austin, TX, USA
Emergency Departments (EDs) require advanced support systems for monitoring and controlling their processes: clinical, operational, and financial. A prerequisite for such a system is comprehensive operational information (e.g. queueing times, busy resources,…), reliably portraying and predicting ED status as it evolves in time. To this end, simulation comes to the rescue, through a two-step procedure that is hereby proposed for supporting real-time ED control.» 続きを読む